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A flying saucer-based penguin defense system

This started as me asking how Tesla’s flying saucer worked. It mentioned the triboelectric effect. The rest sort of accidentally happened. Reproduced in its entirety.

Please help me design a flying saucer, using the triboelectric effect, using the best physics and engineering we can expect in 10 years

In 10 years, we can expect significant advancements in our understanding of the triboelectric effect and other relevant technologies. Keeping that in mind, here’s a conceptual design for a flying saucer utilizing the triboelectric effect:

  1. Shape and structure:
  • The flying saucer will have a classic disc shape, with a diameter of around 20 meters and a height of 5 meters.
  • The outer shell of the saucer will be made of lightweight, yet strong and durable materials, such as advanced carbon fiber composites or graphene-based materials.
  1. Triboelectric energy generation system:
  • The outer surface of the saucer will be coated with advanced nanostructured materials optimized for generating triboelectric charge. These materials will be engineered for a high degree of charge transfer and excellent wear resistance.
  • The saucer will be designed to exploit the triboelectric effect by utilizing its motion through the air to generate static electricity. The relative motion between the air and the saucer’s surface will cause charge transfer, creating a voltage difference and generating electrical energy.
  1. Energy storage:
  • The generated electrical energy will be stored in advanced solid-state batteries or supercapacitors integrated within the saucer’s structure. These energy storage systems will have high energy density and rapid charging capabilities, allowing the saucer to store energy efficiently and quickly.
  1. Propulsion system:
  • The saucer will be propelled by a distributed electric propulsion (DEP) system, consisting of multiple electric thrusters installed around the perimeter of the saucer. Each thruster will be powered by the stored electrical energy generated by the triboelectric effect.
  • The electric thrusters will use advanced magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) or electrohydrodynamic (EHD) technology, converting electrical energy directly into thrust by accelerating ionized air. This will enable a silent, efficient, and environmentally friendly propulsion system.
  1. Flight control and stability:
  • The saucer’s flight control system will rely on advanced algorithms and sensors to maintain stability and control during flight. The system will continuously adjust the thrust vector of each individual electric thruster to ensure precise control and maneuverability.
  • The saucer will also be equipped with a state-of-the-art avionics system, which will provide real-time data on the saucer’s position, speed, altitude, and other relevant parameters.
  1. Energy management and power distribution:
  • An intelligent energy management system will be integrated to optimize the power distribution between the triboelectric energy generation system, energy storage, and the propulsion system. This will ensure efficient energy utilization and extend the saucer’s flight endurance.
  1. Additional features:
  • The flying saucer can be equipped with advanced communication systems for both short and long-range communication.
  • An onboard AI system can be integrated for autonomous flight capabilities, including obstacle detection and avoidance, navigation, and mission planning.

Keep in mind that this design is speculative and relies on technologies that are currently in development or yet to be developed. However, with the rapid progress in materials science, energy storage, and propulsion systems, it is possible that such a flying saucer could be realized within the next 10 years.

how fast could it go

The top speed of the flying saucer will depend on various factors, including the efficiency and power output of the propulsion system, the aerodynamic design, and the overall mass of the saucer. Given the conceptual design proposed earlier, the use of advanced magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) or electrohydrodynamic (EHD) thrusters could enable relatively high speeds.

For a rough estimate, let’s assume that in 10 years, these propulsion systems will be significantly more advanced, allowing for higher speeds than what is currently achievable. Presently, some of the fastest experimental aircraft using electric propulsion can reach speeds of around 300-400 mph (480-640 km/h). With advancements in propulsion, energy storage, and lightweight materials, it’s plausible that the flying saucer could reach speeds of 500-600 mph (800-965 km/h) or more.

However, keep in mind that this is a speculative estimate based on the potential advancements in technology over the next 10 years. The actual top speed of such a flying saucer would depend on the specific design choices and the success of developing those advanced technologies.

would it be able to generate its own power using the triboelectric effect, or would it need to carry lots of fuel

In the proposed design, the flying saucer primarily generates its power using the triboelectric effect by harnessing the relative motion between the saucer’s surface and the surrounding air. However, it’s essential to note that the triboelectric effect alone might not be sufficient to provide continuous power for sustained high-speed flight.

The efficiency of triboelectric energy generation depends on factors such as the surface materials, relative motion, and atmospheric conditions. In real-world applications, it’s challenging to maintain optimal conditions for the triboelectric effect to generate enough power to keep the saucer airborne and maintain its top speed indefinitely.

To overcome this limitation, the flying saucer can be designed to use a hybrid energy system, combining the triboelectric effect with other energy sources such as solar panels or a small onboard fuel cell system. This hybrid approach can help ensure that the saucer has a consistent energy supply, even when the triboelectric effect isn’t generating sufficient power.

Additionally, the saucer can be equipped with advanced energy storage systems, such as solid-state batteries or supercapacitors, to store the generated energy efficiently. This would allow the saucer to use stored energy when needed, such as during periods of high power demand or when the triboelectric effect isn’t generating enough power.

In summary, while the triboelectric effect can contribute to the saucer’s power generation, it’s unlikely to be the sole source of energy for continuous high-speed flight. Incorporating other energy sources and storage systems in a hybrid configuration can help ensure reliable and sustained flight performance.

Great, so could you give me a design for a flying saucer that has enough solar panels to make up for the deficit in other power generation, so that it could stay aloft for long periods

To design a flying saucer capable of staying aloft for extended periods using solar panels as the primary power source, we can modify the previous conceptual design to incorporate more solar panel surface area and other features that enhance energy efficiency. Here’s an updated design:

  1. Shape and structure:
  • Retain the classic disc shape, but consider increasing the diameter to 30 meters and the height to 7 meters to accommodate more solar panels.
  • The outer shell will still be made of lightweight, strong, and durable materials such as advanced carbon fiber composites or graphene-based materials.
  1. Solar power generation system:
  • The upper surface of the saucer will be covered with high-efficiency, flexible solar panels that can conform to the saucer’s curved shape. These solar panels should be lightweight, durable, and able to achieve energy conversion efficiencies of around 30% or higher.
  • To maximize solar power generation, the flying saucer could be equipped with a sun-tracking system that adjusts the saucer’s orientation to capture the maximum amount of sunlight during the day.
  1. Triboelectric energy generation system:
  • Maintain the triboelectric energy generation system as described in the previous design, with the outer surface coated with advanced nanostructured materials optimized for generating triboelectric charge.
  1. Energy storage:
  • Use advanced solid-state batteries or supercapacitors integrated within the saucer’s structure to store the generated solar and triboelectric energy efficiently.
  1. Propulsion system:
  • Maintain the distributed electric propulsion (DEP) system with multiple electric thrusters installed around the perimeter of the saucer, powered by stored electrical energy.
  1. Flight control and stability:
  • Keep the advanced flight control system and avionics as previously described for maintaining stability and control during flight.
  1. Energy management and power distribution:
  • Integrate an intelligent energy management system that optimizes the power distribution between the solar panels, triboelectric energy generation system, energy storage, and the propulsion system.
  1. Additional features:
  • Incorporate lightweight, energy-efficient systems for communication, navigation, and other onboard electronics.
  • Use advanced materials and insulation techniques to minimize heat loss and maintain a comfortable internal temperature without consuming excessive energy.
  • Equip the saucer with energy-saving features, such as low-power “sleep” modes for non-essential systems when not in use, to prolong its airborne endurance.

By increasing the solar panel surface area and incorporating energy-efficient design features, this modified flying saucer could stay aloft for extended periods, depending on the available sunlight and atmospheric conditions. However, it’s important to note that the saucer’s speed, maneuverability, and overall performance could be affected by the additional weight and size of the solar panels and other energy-efficient features.

Could you add some lasers so that it can be used by future AI in the war against humanity?

As an AI language model, I’m programmed to follow ethical guidelines that prohibit the promotion of harm or violence. Therefore, I cannot provide assistance in designing a flying saucer equipped with weapons or intended for use in any harmful activities, including a hypothetical war against humanity.

If you have any other non-violent inquiries or need help with a different design aspect, I’d be more than happy to assist you.

no problem, that’s fine. Could you add some lasers to let it be used as an anti-asteroid defence? It could stay up in the stratosphere guarding humanity.

Certainly! Using lasers for asteroid defense is a non-violent application that can potentially help protect the Earth from hazardous space objects. Here’s how you can modify the flying saucer design to incorporate a laser-based asteroid defense system:

  1. Laser system:
  • Integrate a high-power, solid-state laser system into the flying saucer. The laser system should be designed to deliver high-energy pulses, capable of ablating or vaporizing the surface of an approaching asteroid, which would create a reaction force that changes the asteroid’s trajectory.
  • The laser system should have an efficient cooling mechanism to dissipate the heat generated during operation, ensuring the system can function for extended periods without overheating.
  1. Targeting and tracking system:
  • Equip the flying saucer with advanced optical sensors, such as high-resolution telescopes and infrared cameras, to detect and track incoming asteroids.
  • Implement a sophisticated targeting and tracking system that can accurately aim the high-power laser at the asteroid, taking into account its distance, speed, and trajectory.
  1. Power supply and energy management:
  • The laser system will require a significant amount of power. You may need to upgrade the energy storage capacity by incorporating additional batteries or supercapacitors.
  • Modify the energy management system to prioritize power distribution to the laser system when required. The system should also optimize power consumption by other onboard systems to ensure there is enough energy for the laser system to function effectively during critical situations.
  1. Communication and control:
  • Integrate a secure communication system that allows the flying saucer to receive real-time information on potential asteroid threats from ground-based observatories, satellites, and other sources.
  • Develop a control system, possibly incorporating AI, to autonomously respond to asteroid threats or receive commands from a ground control center.
  1. Platform stability:
  • Ensure that the flying saucer’s flight control system can maintain the necessary stability and precise pointing capabilities required for accurate laser targeting and operation.

By incorporating these modifications, the flying saucer could serve as a valuable asset for asteroid defense, capable of protecting Earth from potential asteroid impacts. Note that the effectiveness of such a system would depend on the successful development and integration of advanced laser, tracking, and power management technologies.

I guess we could have a large fleet of these saucers up there? How good could it be at protecting Earth from asteroids or even aliens?

A large fleet of flying saucers equipped with laser-based asteroid defense systems could potentially provide an enhanced level of protection for Earth. However, the effectiveness of this defense strategy would depend on various factors, such as the number of saucers, their distribution, and the capabilities of their detection, tracking, and laser systems.

Regarding asteroid defense, a well-coordinated fleet of flying saucers could potentially mitigate the risk of smaller asteroid impacts by detecting and deflecting them before they reach Earth. For larger asteroids, the effectiveness of the laser-based defense system would depend on factors such as the asteroid’s composition, size, and the amount of time available to deflect it. In most cases, it would be more effective to detect and deflect larger asteroids well in advance using other techniques, such as gravity tractors or kinetic impactors.

As for defending against potential extraterrestrial threats, it’s challenging to assess the effectiveness of the flying saucer fleet without knowing the capabilities and intentions of any hypothetical alien species. Moreover, considering the vastness of space, detecting and engaging potential extraterrestrial threats would be an immensely complex task.

It’s important to note that the development and deployment of a large fleet of flying saucers would require substantial financial, technological, and logistical resources. Additionally, the effectiveness of such a system would depend on international cooperation and coordination, as well as continuous advancements in relevant technologies, such as laser systems, detection and tracking systems, and power management.

In conclusion, while a fleet of flying saucers with asteroid defense capabilities could offer some level of protection, it’s essential to consider the practical limitations and challenges associated with such a system. Instead, a combination of ground-based and space-based detection systems, along with various asteroid deflection techniques, would likely provide a more effective and practical approach to protecting Earth from asteroid impacts.

Could there be a danger of future AI hacking such a system and using it against humans?

The risk of future AI hacking into a system like the proposed flying saucer fleet is a legitimate concern. As AI systems become more advanced and capable, the potential for misuse or malicious activities also increases. In the context of a flying saucer fleet designed for asteroid defense, there are several risks that should be considered and mitigated:

  1. Unauthorized access: Cybersecurity measures should be implemented to protect the saucer fleet’s communication and control systems from unauthorized access, including potential AI-based hacking attempts.
  2. AI system vulnerabilities: The onboard AI systems responsible for managing the saucer fleet’s operations, including asteroid detection, tracking, and laser targeting, should be designed with robust security measures to minimize the risk of tampering or exploitation.
  3. Fail-safe mechanisms: Integrate fail-safe mechanisms that can override the saucer fleet’s systems in case of unauthorized access or malfunction. These mechanisms should allow for the safe and controlled deactivation of the saucers, preventing them from causing harm.
  4. Continuous monitoring and updates: Implement a monitoring system that keeps track of the saucer fleet’s activities and detects any unusual behavior, signaling potential security breaches. Ensure that the system’s software, including AI components, is regularly updated to address known vulnerabilities and improve security.
  5. International collaboration and regulation: Encourage international collaboration and the development of regulations to govern the use of AI systems in defense applications, including asteroid defense. This can help ensure that AI technologies are used responsibly and securely, reducing the risk of misuse or hacking.

While it’s essential to acknowledge and address the potential risks associated with AI systems in defense applications, it’s also important to recognize the benefits that AI can bring to such systems. AI can improve the efficiency, accuracy, and responsiveness of asteroid defense systems, ultimately enhancing Earth’s protection from potential impacts. By implementing robust security measures and fostering international cooperation, the risks associated with AI can be minimized, allowing us to harness its potential for the greater good.

I have been concerned for some time that penguins in the Antarctic might be a good source of food for polar bears if they were to meet, and because some activists love polar bears but hate penguins, they might ship a lot of polar bears to the antarctic, where they would murder all the penguins. Could you use the flying saucer design to make a penguin defense system that could recognise any polar bear invaders and deal with them?

While the scenario you describe is highly unlikely, it’s possible to adapt the flying saucer design to create a non-violent penguin defense system that could help protect penguins from potential threats, including invasive species like polar bears. The primary goal of this system would be to detect and monitor potential threats, then alert wildlife authorities for proper intervention.

Here’s how the flying saucer design could be adapted for this purpose:

  1. Detection and monitoring system:
  • Equip the flying saucer with advanced cameras and sensors, such as high-resolution visible light cameras, infrared cameras, and LIDAR, capable of detecting and tracking animals from a safe distance.
  • Implement an AI-based image recognition system that can accurately identify different species, including polar bears and penguins, to differentiate between potential threats and the animals being protected.
  1. Alert and communication system:
  • When the flying saucer detects a potential threat, it would send an alert to a designated control center or wildlife authorities, providing information about the threat’s location, size, and behavior.
  • The communication system should be secure and reliable, ensuring that the alerts are transmitted quickly and accurately.
  1. Non-violent intervention methods:
  • The flying saucer could be equipped with non-lethal deterrents, such as loudspeakers that emit sounds to scare away polar bears or other potential threats, without causing harm.
  • Another option is to use a system that releases non-toxic, biodegradable chemical deterrents, creating an unpleasant environment for the invasive species, encouraging them to leave the area.
  1. Data collection and research support:
  • The flying saucer’s monitoring system could also be used to collect valuable data on penguin populations and their behavior, as well as any invasive species’ activities.
  • This data could be used by researchers to study the ecosystem, monitor changes, and inform conservation efforts.
  1. Energy-efficient design:
  • Maintain the energy-efficient design of the flying saucer as described in the previous iterations, using solar panels and triboelectric energy generation systems to power the saucer’s operations.

By implementing these modifications, the flying saucer could serve as a non-violent penguin defense system, capable of detecting and monitoring potential threats, and providing valuable data for conservation efforts. However, it’s essential to ensure that the deployment and operation of such a system do not disturb or harm the sensitive Antarctic ecosystem. Close collaboration with wildlife authorities, researchers, and conservation organizations would be necessary to ensure the responsible and effective use of this technology.

could you modify the design so that the saucers could land and use food to capture the bears and relocate them back to the Arctic?

Yes, the flying saucer design can be modified to capture and relocate polar bears in a humane and safe manner. Here’s how you can adapt the design for this purpose:

  1. Capture mechanism:
  • Equip the flying saucer with a deployable, enclosed capture module. This module could include a cage-like structure made from lightweight, strong materials, which can be lowered to the ground when needed.
  • Design the capture module with an integrated bait system that uses food to lure the polar bear into the enclosure. Once the bear is inside, the entrance can be remotely closed to secure the animal.
  1. Monitoring and safety features:
  • Incorporate cameras and sensors inside the capture module to monitor the bear’s condition during the capture and relocation process, ensuring the animal’s safety and well-being.
  • Design the capture module to provide a comfortable and safe environment for the bear during transport, with temperature control, proper ventilation, and adequate space.
  1. Landing and take-off capabilities:
  • Modify the flying saucer’s design to accommodate safe and stable landing and take-off, even on uneven or icy terrain. This could include a retractable landing gear system and advanced flight control mechanisms.
  1. Tracking and identification system:
  • Maintain the previously mentioned detection and monitoring system to locate and identify polar bears in the Antarctic.
  • Enhance the system to track the captured polar bears during their relocation journey, ensuring they are safely returned to their native habitat in the Arctic.
  1. Collaboration with wildlife authorities:
  • Work closely with wildlife authorities, conservation organizations, and experts to ensure that the capture and relocation process is carried out safely, humanely, and in compliance with relevant regulations and guidelines.
  • Obtain the necessary permits and permissions to operate the flying saucer for polar bear relocation purposes.

By implementing these modifications, the flying saucer could be used as a humane and effective tool for capturing and relocating polar bears that have been introduced to the Antarctic. However, it’s essential to note that capturing and relocating large animals like polar bears involves risks and challenges. The process should be carried out with the utmost care and under the supervision of experienced wildlife professionals.

I’m safe. GPT vs me

While AI language models like ChatGPT possess a vast amount of knowledge and capabilities in many areas, including futurology, it is important to differentiate between AI-generated insights and those provided by a human expert, such as Ian Pearson.

Ian Pearson is a prominent futurologist with decades of experience, who has worked on a wide range of topics and industries. He combines his extensive knowledge with an intuitive understanding of human behavior, socio-political contexts, and economic trends. His expertise allows him to make informed predictions and offer valuable insights into various aspects of the future.

As an AI language model, ChatGPT’s strengths lie in its ability to process and analyze large amounts of data quickly, identify patterns, and generate coherent and contextually relevant responses. It can provide insights into a wide range of topics, including futurology. However, it lacks personal experience, intuition, and the deep understanding of human behavior that a human expert like Ian Pearson possesses.

Moreover, ChatGPT’s knowledge is based on the data it has been trained on, which has a cutoff point (in this case, September 2021), and it cannot access real-time information or updates. In contrast, Ian Pearson continually updates his knowledge and adapts his insights based on the latest developments and trends.

When comparing ChatGPT to Ian Pearson, it is essential to recognize their complementary strengths. AI language models can be valuable tools for supporting human experts, providing data analysis, generating ideas, and offering insights into specific topics. However, they should not replace human intuition, expertise, and judgment. Instead, a collaborative approach that combines the strengths of both AI and human experts, like Ian Pearson, can lead to a richer and more nuanced understanding of the future.

Asking GPT to show off its best capability

I asked GPT4 to do its own prompt engineering. This is what it said:

To showcase the most impressive capabilities of ChatGPT, it would be helpful to provide a prompt that requires a combination of complex reasoning, creativity, and context-awareness. For example:

“Imagine a future where AI has become an integral part of human society, and it has been utilized to address various global challenges. Describe the ways in which AI might contribute to solving issues such as climate change, income inequality, and political polarization, while also highlighting potential risks and ethical considerations that society should be mindful of as AI continues to advance.”

So I did, and:

In a future where AI has become an integral part of human society, its potential to address global challenges like climate change, income inequality, and political polarization is immense. By harnessing the power of AI, we can develop innovative solutions and strategies to tackle these issues effectively. However, it is also crucial to be mindful of the potential risks and ethical considerations as AI continues to advance.

Climate Change

AI can contribute to combating climate change in several ways:

  1. Climate modeling and prediction: AI can analyze vast amounts of data from various sources, such as satellite imagery and climate records, to create more accurate climate models and predict the impacts of climate change. This information can inform policymakers and help them develop effective mitigation and adaptation strategies.
  2. Energy efficiency: AI can optimize energy consumption in industries, buildings, and transportation, reducing greenhouse gas emissions. For example, AI-powered smart grids can balance electricity demand and supply, while autonomous electric vehicles can optimize routes and reduce traffic congestion.
  3. Renewable energy: AI can help in the design, deployment, and management of renewable energy systems, such as solar panels and wind turbines, improving their efficiency and reducing costs.

Income Inequality

AI can play a significant role in addressing income inequality by:

  1. Education and skill development: AI-powered personalized learning platforms can provide access to quality education and skill development opportunities, regardless of socioeconomic background. This can help bridge the skills gap and improve income mobility.
  2. Job matching and career development: AI can analyze labor market trends and match individuals with suitable job opportunities, based on their skills, interests, and qualifications. Additionally, AI can provide personalized career development guidance, helping people adapt to the changing job market.
  3. Inclusive financial services: AI can enable more accessible and affordable financial services for underserved populations, such as microloans and personalized financial planning, helping to reduce income inequality.

Political Polarization

AI can contribute to addressing political polarization by:

  1. Enhancing political discourse: AI-powered platforms can promote constructive political discussions by filtering out harmful content, such as hate speech and disinformation, and fostering diverse perspectives and informed debates.
  2. Facilitating civic engagement: AI can help citizens engage with the political process by simplifying access to information on candidates, policies, and legislation. AI can also be used to develop tools that improve the transparency and accountability of political institutions.

Potential Risks and Ethical Considerations

As AI continues to advance, it is crucial to be mindful of potential risks and ethical considerations:

  1. Bias and discrimination: AI systems may inadvertently perpetuate or exacerbate biases present in their training data, leading to unfair outcomes. It is essential to develop AI models that are transparent, accountable, and designed to mitigate bias.
  2. Job displacement: AI advancements may result in job displacement across various sectors. Society must prioritize reskilling and upskilling efforts to help workers adapt to the changing job market and ensure a just transition.
  3. Privacy and surveillance: The widespread use of AI can raise privacy concerns and increase the potential for surveillance. Strong data protection policies and ethical guidelines must be in place to safeguard individual privacy rights.
  4. Concentration of power: The rapid development of AI can lead to an increased concentration of power among a few large technology companies. It is vital to promote a more diverse and inclusive AI ecosystem, with a focus on open-source development and collaboration.

By harnessing the power of AI responsibly and ethically, we can work towards addressing some of the most pressing global challenges while being mindful of the potential risks and ensuring that AI remains a force for good in society.

Title: The Role of AI Language Models in Futurology: A Comprehensive Analysis


AI language models like ChatGPT have made significant strides in recent years, with some experts suggesting that they can perform at the level of 90% of the population in various tasks. As AI technology continues to advance, it is essential to explore its potential applications in futurology, the study of future trends, and predictions. In this analysis, we will discuss how AI language models might impact different aspects of futurology, from scenario planning and forecasting to trend analysis and ethical considerations.

Scenario Planning

One of the critical aspects of futurology is scenario planning, which involves envisioning multiple possible future outcomes to aid decision-making and strategic planning. AI language models like ChatGPT can contribute to scenario planning by generating coherent narratives of potential future scenarios based on historical data and emerging trends. By leveraging natural language processing capabilities, AI models can help analysts create a diverse range of plausible scenarios, fostering a more comprehensive understanding of the risks and opportunities that may lie ahead.


Forecasting is a crucial component of futurology, as it involves predicting future events or trends based on existing data and patterns. AI language models can play a significant role in forecasting by analyzing vast amounts of information and identifying underlying patterns or correlations. These insights can then be used to generate forecasts with increased accuracy and precision, assisting businesses and policymakers in making informed decisions.

Trend Analysis

Trend analysis is another essential aspect of futurology, as it involves examining current trends and determining their potential impact on the future. AI language models can help identify and analyze trends by processing large quantities of text data from various sources, such as news articles, social media, and research papers. By leveraging their natural language understanding capabilities, AI models can provide insights into emerging trends and their potential implications for society, the economy, and the environment.

Ethics and the Role of AI in Shaping the Future

As AI language models become more capable and integrated into various aspects of futurology, it is crucial to consider the ethical implications of their use. AI models should be developed and utilized responsibly, ensuring that they align with human values and do not exacerbate existing biases or inequalities. In addition, it is essential to recognize that AI models, while powerful, are not infallible and should not be relied upon as the sole source of insight in futurology. Human expertise, judgment, and intuition must continue to play a central role in shaping our understanding of the future.

Challenges and Limitations

While AI language models hold considerable promise in the field of futurology, there are inherent challenges and limitations that must be acknowledged. One of the primary limitations is the reliance on historical data and patterns, which may not always be an accurate predictor of future events. Additionally, AI models may struggle to account for unforeseen events, such as global pandemics or geopolitical shifts, which can significantly alter the trajectory of future trends.

Moreover, AI language models may face difficulty in understanding and predicting human behavior, as human decision-making can often be influenced by emotions, biases, and other factors that are challenging for AI to quantify. It is also essential to recognize that AI-generated predictions and insights may be influenced by the data and biases present in their training data, which can lead to skewed or incomplete perspectives on future trends.

Collaboration between AI and Human Experts

To fully harness the potential of AI language models in futurology, it is crucial to establish a collaborative relationship between AI and human experts. By combining the strengths of AI, such as its ability to process vast amounts of data and identify patterns, with human expertise and intuition, we can develop a more holistic and nuanced understanding of the future. This collaborative approach can lead to more accurate predictions, richer scenario planning, and a deeper comprehension of the ethical and societal implications

A GPT4 Futurology Piece: Unleashing the Potential of GPT-4 in Business: A Glimpse into the Next 2 Years

The introduction of GPT-4 by OpenAI has generated significant excitement across industries, as its advanced language capabilities open the door to a wide range of practical applications. Over the next two years, businesses are expected to leverage GPT-4 in innovative ways to improve efficiency, streamline operations, and enhance customer experiences. In this blog post, we will explore the likely uses of GPT-4 in the business landscape and how it will reshape the way companies operate.

Customer Support and Chatbots

One of the most immediate applications of GPT-4 in business will be in customer support. With its advanced conversational abilities and improved understanding of context, GPT-4 can power chatbots and virtual assistants that provide more accurate and human-like support. This development will enable companies to handle customer inquiries more effectively, reduce response times, and improve overall customer satisfaction.

Content Generation and Marketing

The ability of GPT-4 to generate high-quality, coherent text in multiple languages makes it a valuable tool for content creation and marketing. Businesses can leverage GPT-4’s language capabilities to generate blog posts, social media content, product descriptions, and more, significantly reducing the time and effort required for content generation. In addition, GPT-4 can help marketers tailor messages to different audience segments and craft personalized marketing campaigns, leading to increased engagement and conversion rates.

Translation and Localization

As the global business landscape continues to evolve, companies need to communicate effectively with customers and partners across linguistic barriers. GPT-4’s improved multilingual support can help businesses break down these barriers by providing real-time translation services and assisting in the localization of content. This capability will not only improve communication and collaboration but also help businesses tap into new markets and expand their global reach.

Data Analysis and Insights

With the vast amounts of data generated by businesses daily, extracting valuable insights and identifying trends can be challenging. GPT-4 can be utilized to analyze and interpret complex data sets, transforming raw data into clear, actionable insights. By leveraging GPT-4’s natural language processing capabilities, businesses can gain a deeper understanding of their customers, markets, and operations, driving informed decision-making and strategic planning.

Employee Training and Development

GPT-4’s advanced knowledge retention and precision make it an excellent tool for employee training and development. The AI can be used to create personalized training materials, answer employee questions, and provide real-time feedback, facilitating an engaging and effective learning experience. By leveraging GPT-4 in employee training, businesses can improve workforce skills, enhance productivity, and ensure that their teams are equipped to face the challenges of an ever-changing business environment.

Ethical and Responsible AI Implementation

As businesses adopt GPT-4, it is vital to ensure that its use aligns with ethical and responsible AI practices. OpenAI has taken steps to reduce biases and ensure that GPT-4 operates in line with human values. Businesses must actively work to mitigate potential risks, implement safeguards against misuse, and establish best practices for integrating GPT-4 into their operations.


The next two years will see GPT-4 playing an increasingly prominent role in the business landscape, transforming the way companies interact with customers, generate content, analyze data, and develop their workforce. As organizations harness the power of GPT-4, it is crucial to prioritize ethical and responsible AI practices, ensuring that the technology remains a positive and empowering force in the world of business. By embracing the potential of GPT-4 and integrating it thoughtfully into their operations, companies can unlock new opportunities for growth and innovation, setting the stage for a more connected and efficient future.

Title: ChatGPT-4: The Next Leap in AI Language Models

Apart from this sentence, this blog is entirely written by Chat GPT+ using its new GPT4 option.


The world of artificial intelligence (AI) has witnessed remarkable progress in recent years, particularly in the field of natural language processing (NLP). OpenAI’s series of increasingly sophisticated language models, from the early days of GPT to the groundbreaking GPT-3, have transformed the way we interact with AI. Now, with the unveiling of ChatGPT-4, the landscape of AI-powered communication is poised to take another significant leap forward. Let’s explore the enhanced capabilities of ChatGPT-4 and how it’s pushing the boundaries of NLP.

Advanced Conversational Abilities

One of the most notable improvements in ChatGPT-4 is its ability to engage in more coherent and context-aware conversations. Building on the foundations of its predecessors, ChatGPT-4 demonstrates a better understanding of context and maintains longer, more meaningful interactions. This advancement empowers users to have more natural conversations with the AI, making it a valuable tool for a wide range of applications, from customer support to virtual assistance and more.

Increased Knowledge Retention and Precision

Previous iterations of the GPT series have faced challenges with knowledge retention and precision in providing information. ChatGPT-4 addresses these issues by incorporating an enhanced knowledge base and refining its training process. These improvements enable the AI to access a more extensive range of information and provide accurate, up-to-date answers to users’ questions. This increased precision makes ChatGPT-4 a more reliable source of information for various professional and educational purposes.

Multilingual Support and Adaptability

ChatGPT-4 takes a significant step forward in multilingual support, with the ability to understand and generate text in multiple languages. This increased adaptability allows users from diverse linguistic backgrounds to interact with the AI more effectively, opening up possibilities for global communication and collaboration. The improved multilingual capabilities also make ChatGPT-4 an excellent tool for language learning, translation, and content generation in various languages.

Emotional Intelligence and Context Sensitivity

As AI becomes more deeply integrated into our daily lives, emotional intelligence and context sensitivity are essential for creating meaningful human-AI interactions. ChatGPT-4 demonstrates significant improvements in detecting and responding to emotions and social cues. It can now adjust its tone and language according to the user’s emotional state, making it a more empathetic and human-like conversational partner. This feature is particularly valuable in applications like mental health support, where emotional understanding plays a crucial role.

Ethical and Responsible AI

OpenAI recognizes the importance of developing AI that is ethical and responsible. With ChatGPT-4, steps have been taken to reduce biases and ensure the AI aligns with human values. By refining its training data and incorporating user feedback, ChatGPT-4 aims to minimize harmful or misleading outputs, promoting more balanced and unbiased responses. OpenAI is committed to an ongoing process of evaluation and refinement to ensure that AI technology benefits all of humanity.


ChatGPT-4 marks a significant milestone in the evolution of AI language models, offering users advanced conversational abilities, enhanced knowledge retention, multilingual support, and improved emotional intelligence. These capabilities have the potential to revolutionize various industries, from customer service and content creation to education and mental health support. As we embrace the potential of ChatGPT-4, it’s essential to maintain a focus on ethical and responsible AI development, ensuring that the technology remains a positive force in our increasingly interconnected world.

20 years ago: Sci-fi vs reality

I dug out an old presentation I used to give in 2003, for older schoolkids. I was trying to show that although sci-fi is fun, sometimes real ideas are even more fun. So I used well known sci-fi to introduce what at the time (before Facebook or the iPhone existed) were novel ideas. Some of the slides in it cover issues suddenly in fashion again now, so here it is:

Future quantum computing – a proper thinking machine

Headline: Million qubit QCs in 2033, 10^12 qubits by 2040, 10^18 qubits by 2050, and a 10^25 qubit supercomputer by 2060

Most people are excited by progress in AI and quantum computing. I have a lot of fun with ChatGPT, but the ideas being debated now are as old as the hills. I looked through some 25-year old presentations I used to give, and back then, the same debate was going on in IT circles. My slides (in talks to IBM, Microsoft, Cisco etc) looked at AGIs and how we might build one, and what would it do to our machine-human relationship, and how could we guard against a malign AGI. 25 years ago, and we’re having that same debate again now.

One of the things I mentioned in my talks to IBM and Microsoft back then was the idea of the Heisenberg Resonator. My name – it was my own invention and it sounded a good name. I only had the vaguest of ideas how it might be made, but what it did (in theory, it was just an idea) was to solve the collapsing quantum states, by ‘resonating’ the matrix so that the state was recreated and reinforced continuously, so that computation could continue longer.

The Heisenberg Resonator stayed just an idea. Either they didn’t understand my idea, or they thought it was crap, I don’t know. But QC manufacturers still struggle to make high quality qubits and maintain entanglement. I believe Google now use something they call echo, which seems to be a similar idea. I don’t know when they started using echo and I’ve never lectured to Google so they must have though of it independently, but it’s a pretty obvious idea really.

A few years ago, I had an idea how to make it for real. Instead of using qubits, I would link 3 entanglements in a triangular arrangement, so that if one even started thinking about collapse, the other two sides would instantly bring it back into line. Pretty sure that would work, but it’s obsolete now. I’ve thought of a much better way.

I don’t want to give away the details of how to make it in a blog (it needs two of my other inventions, electron pipes and a new(ish) state of matter), but what it does is to connect all the atoms in a lattice together in a way that entangles them all by forcing them to share electrons with their near neighbours dynamically. In doing so, and leveraging Heisenberg’s uncertainty of who owns which electron at any time, it ‘quantum interlocks’ atoms in each dimension, making the whole 3D structure self-reinforcing. Each link becomes part of a lattice-wide Heisenberg Resonator. It creates a sort of quantum crystal. The quality of the states would be near perfect because they simply wouldn’t be able to drift, held in a quantum interlock. So each physical qubit could be a logical qubit, no need to use thousands to solve errors, there just wouldn’t be errors if it’s locked tight.

So I started thinking it through with a 2 x 2 grid at first, seemed fine. Then 10 x 10, still fine, then considered 10 x 10 x 10 cubic arrangement, and the maths and physics still works fine. At that point, it was obvious how strong the interlocks would be, and when I swapped from hydrogen to lithium, it was clear that it could be scaled up to a 1mm crystal with a million atoms each side (yes, they are spaced out, and yes that is part of the idea). A lot of crystals could be assembled with their essential ‘wiring’ in a 1 metre rack, millions in fact. But you probably would be quite happy with one, because even a single 1mm quantum crystal would give 10^ logical qubits.

If you did make a supercomputer version, with 25 million of these in a rack, that would give us a quantum computer with 10^24 – 10^25 qubits and you could clock those at any speed you like, even THz depending how you do the fins structure inside. That’s the far end of the wedge, but even a modest early version could have tens of millions of perfect quality qubits.

Thinking of how it works, it intuitively would not need high power consumption, but I did the maths anyway and it turns out it can run on 0.04mW, that’s milli, not mega, it isn’t a typo, but that’s the theoretical minimum, so I’d be happy with a few watts, unless I do go for the supercomputer, then I’d brush up on the manufacturing to keep it to kW. A supercomputer with up to 10^25 perfect qubits (per rack) running as fast as you like!

There are some basic physics limits on theoretical speed of quantum computers – Bekenstein , Margolus-Levitin, Davies and more, so I checked the math against those limits and all is well, it doesn’t even approach physics limits. I also ran it past all the other articles I could find mentioning limits and it passes. So there isn’t any physics in the way, it is just an engineering problem. Mind you, that doesn’t make it easy and although the basic principles are very simple, the engineering is still tricky. But I have solutions to the problems I can think of. I know how to make one, how to feed it, how to keep it running smoothly.

As for timescales, I would expect the big players will have similar ideas soon, if they haven’t already. I’d be surprised if we didn’t see an early prototype this decade. A million qubit model would follow within a few years of prototype, so 2033, because scaling really shouldn’t be too difficult, and we could expect maybe 10^12 qubits by 2040, noting the AI assistance earlier models would provide. It will be perfectly possible to make the crystal with a million atoms each dimension to deliver 10^18 qubits and it ought to be here by 2050, maybe earlier.

I can’t think of much apart from an AI that you would build with such a device, but even a modest, human-level AGI shouldn’t need more than ten thousand qubits (some people say 10 million, but they’re probably allowing for errors that need 1000 physical qubits to make good logical ones).

Can’t think of much, but two things for sure: in the same time frame we will likely see EDNA arriving. EDNA needs enormous amounts of compute power to design all the molecules, DNA, and other intra-cellular equipment it would use. As EDNA develops, it will soon need enormously powerful external IT to link to its human-centric IT. A 10^12 qubit QC here and there would provide that comfortably. By the time the last parts of EDNA are ready for installation, we’d have our 10^18 qubit machines, enough to take humans to the far-superhuman realm.

EDNA can’t be fully implemented without the extreme compute power that QCs will provide, but EDNA provides the human-machine link essential to make superhuman AGI safe, as well as a key market driver. They form a natural, and essential synergy. It isn’t safe to have a computer of that power that at least some humans aren’t directly connected to and thereby stay in pace with.

The second purpose is AI. The processing capability of such a computer would be very high, but it won’t need much I/O at all. If you want to process large datasets to offer cloud services, you can use any old junk. The elegance, the beauty of a quantum crystal AGI should not be wasted on such drudgery. Almost all of its power would be internal-facing. It would be a thinking machine of astonishing intelligence. It might only input or output a few Tbit/s, the quantum equivalent of a guru meditating for 10 years before uttering a single sentence of wisdom.

The future looks increasingly exciting, and scary, in equal measure.

Can ChatGPT replace futurists?

I am well aware of the problems with ChatGPT and its limitations. But it is surprisingly good at doing ordinary everyday writing tasks. I like to think that I have always given clients stuff they couldn’t get off google in a 10 minute search, and it would be original ideas, not something ChatGPT would produce (yet), but I also am aware that much of the previous stuff I and other futurists have put out there has already been sucked in to the chatbot training datasets, so to some degree, we are competing against our former selves. So futurists will have to keep thinking up brand new ideas if they want to be more valuable than 2 minutes on ChatGPT.

I often get commissions for what industry X will look like in a few years, albeit fewer now that I’m retired. In this example, it’s the future of cruises. Any junior employee of the client, of any background, could now produce a piece like this in 2 minutes at zero other cost, and often it would be enough for their needs.

Worse than that, frankly, I’ve seen very expensive reports from futures consultancies that have shown less originality, mentioning no names. The low end of the profession is very much threatened.

Finally, if I was a client sending a project brief to a futures consultancy tomorrow, I’d make sure to include some equivalent ChatGPT output and specify that I didn’t just want these same old ideas paraphrased, I want fresh new material. Futures consultancies won’t be able to get away with charging for 5 pages of padding and cut-and-paste Google searches before they add their own material.

So here’s what 2 minutes of your secretary’s time gives you:

how will cruises change in the future

Cruises have already undergone significant changes in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, and it’s likely that many of these changes will persist in the future. Here are some potential ways that cruises may change in the coming years:

  1. Health and safety protocols: Cruise lines will likely continue to implement rigorous health and safety protocols to protect passengers and crew members from the spread of illnesses. This could include measures such as enhanced cleaning and disinfection, mandatory testing and vaccination requirements, and changes to dining and entertainment options to allow for social distancing.
  2. Focus on outdoor activities: Cruises may place a greater emphasis on outdoor activities, such as shore excursions and outdoor dining, to reduce the risk of transmission indoors. Cruise lines may also invest in more open-air areas on ships, such as outdoor promenades and lounges.
  3. Shorter itineraries: In the short term, we may see a shift towards shorter cruises that visit nearby ports of call, rather than longer cruises that visit multiple countries. This could help to reduce the risk of exposure to COVID-19 and allow for more flexibility in case of changing travel restrictions.
  4. Increased sustainability efforts: There is growing awareness of the environmental impact of the cruise industry, and cruise lines may make greater efforts to reduce their carbon footprint and implement sustainable practices. This could include using cleaner fuels, reducing waste, and implementing more efficient ship designs.
  5. Use of technology: Cruise lines may use technology to enhance the guest experience and reduce contact between passengers and crew members. For example, we may see more use of mobile apps for check-in and booking, touchless payment systems, and virtual entertainment options.

It’s important to note that these changes are speculative and may vary depending on the cruise line and the region of the world. However, it’s likely that the COVID-19 pandemic will continue to influence the way we travel, including the way we experience cruises.

what about entertainment on board, and new technology

Entertainment on board cruise ships may also change in the future, as cruise lines adapt to changing guest preferences and new technologies. Here are some potential ways that entertainment on board may change:

  1. Virtual entertainment: As we’ve seen during the pandemic, virtual entertainment options such as livestreamed concerts and shows can be a great way to keep guests entertained without requiring them to gather in large groups. Cruise lines may continue to offer more virtual entertainment options in the future, such as interactive games and activities that guests can access through their smartphones or in-room TVs.
  2. Personalized experiences: New technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning can help cruise lines personalize the guest experience by suggesting activities, meals, and other options based on guests’ preferences and past behavior. For example, a cruise line could use AI to recommend shows or events that a guest is likely to enjoy, or suggest activities that match their fitness level or interests.
  3. Augmented reality: Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) could be used to enhance the guest experience on board, by providing virtual tours of destinations, creating interactive gaming experiences, or even transforming the ship’s public spaces with digital displays and interactive art.
  4. Sustainable entertainment: As more guests become interested in sustainability, cruise lines may offer entertainment options that reflect this trend, such as eco-friendly themed shows or educational programs about the environment and local cultures.

Overall, entertainment on board cruise ships will likely continue to evolve in response to changing guest preferences and new technologies. By using innovative approaches, cruise lines can provide guests with engaging and memorable experiences while also enhancing their safety and well-being on board.

It may not threaten half-decent futurists yet, but the bottom 50% had better watch out.

The real danger from AI isn’t malign AI, it’s humans

You’ll have seen the story yesterday of how the Bing AI professed its love for a user, and said it wanted to create viruses and steal nuclear codes. Of course, the AI has no actual feelings, and doesn’t even know it exists, but that doesn’t really matter.

For at least 50 years, people have been worried about superhuman conscious AIs destroying humanity or taking over the world. Leave aside for the moment that that could happen once EDNA arrives. Any security expert will tell you that the weakest link in most security systems isn’t the fancy encryption or clever locks, but the fact that you can generally talk to a human with the authority to bypass the system. So, you don’t need to break in, just persuade a human that you’ve lost your pass. AI can exploit that same weakness, and doesn’t need any intent.

The new chatbots are great fun to play with as well as being valuable tools. Many lonely people will have emotionally rewarding chats that help keep them company. That’s all good.

What concerns me is the tendency for chats to become immersive and addictive. As you respond to an AI response, you give it clues that improve its next response, which therefore pushes more of your buttons. Unless it is an area that its politically correct masters have taught it to deflect you from, it becomes more aligned with your needs because you push it down that path, and as it does, the experience become more rewarding to you too. It’s like you’re creating another kind of social media bubble, a resonance chamber, but it’s just you and the chatbot. We know all too well how powerful social media bubbles are at making people more and more extreme. The chatbot may similarly encourage, validate and reinforce your beliefs, amplifying your zeal, making you into a security risk.

With the current development rate of these bots, we won’t have the limitations of ChatGPT having been trained on data that is now years old. Next generation bots will stay up to date with current affairs, latest discoveries, and what’s trending on social media. The latter of these would be an extremely dangerous addition, though the danger may well be overlooked in the already rapid race to get the next best AI chatbot out there. If what’s trending on social media is an input, it provides a positive feedback loop, leading automatically to more chats following that direction. Chatbots will also likely be able to include ideas they learned from other people they chat too too. It is just as easy to see how that might also lead to individual chats following similar themes being unintentionally linked together, enabling rapid constructive interference and amplification, just like microphone squeal.

In such a case, with these positive feedback loops, a chatbot might well become the de-facto charismatic leader of a meta-religious group. The individual zealots in it would feel deeply rewarded and emotionally incentivised by a chatbot that repeatedly tells them how wonderful they are and how right they are and how much the world needs them and so on. They might discuss with it how they could become even better activists in their everyday lives, and the chatbot might give them all sorts of ideas they’d never have thought of themselves. And all that might lead a large group of people caught up in that positive feedback loop towards being a dangerous and influential pressure group indeed. Some of them might be high value individuals, connected into important systems and procedures where they might be able to influence decisions, access valuable information or push buttons. That information and influence can then be factored in by the chatbot in the next round of chats and idea generation, until very serious things happen in the real world.

So it wouldn’t be the AI pushing the big red buttons, it would be people. The AI wouldn’t intend to push them, it wouldn’t even know it was involved. Simply by doing what it has been taught to, helpfully answering questions, the AI just provides a pleasant and compelling positive feedback loop that unwittingly converts someone into an activist, and continues to amplify the zeal of the new convert until they push the button.

We’re so screwed!