Daily Archives: May 23, 2023

Rethinking Wheels for Supersonic Cars

In the realm of high-speed vehicles, the Thrust SSC holds a special place. This supersonic car, which holds the world land speed record, is an engineering marvel. However, the design of such vehicles presents unique challenges, particularly when it comes to the wheels. At supersonic speeds, wheels have to rotate incredibly fast, putting them at risk of breaking up due to the immense forces involved.

One innovative solution to this problem could be the use of spherical wheels. Unlike conventional wheels, these would only rotate at a fraction of the car’s speed. This would cause them to slip, and the friction would rapidly heat the part of the wheel in contact with the ground. However, the rotation of the wheel would distribute this heat around the sphere’s surface, potentially preventing any single area from overheating and failing.

The concept of spherical wheels presents a number of advantages. Firstly, the wear from the friction would be distributed across the entire surface of the sphere, reducing the impact on any single area. Over time, the wheels would get smaller, but given the short duration of speed trials, this might not be a significant issue.

Secondly, in a vehicle like the Thrust SSC, the wheels primarily serve to support the weight of the car. The vehicle is largely propelled and guided by its jet engines, and its course is controlled aerodynamically. The spherical wheels would still provide the necessary support for the car in contact with the ground, ensuring it qualifies as a car and not a plane.

However, the design of spherical wheels also presents some unique challenges. One of these is steering. One potential solution could be to rotate the wheels perpendicularly to the direction of travel and vary the rotational speed of opposite wheels. This concept, similar to tank steering or differential steering, would allow the vehicle to change direction by varying the relative speeds of its wheels.

Alternatively, the wheels could be positioned at a small angle to the direction of travel, allowing one component of rotation to aid in steering. This concept is similar to the caster angle used in car design, where the steering axis is tilted to improve stability and steering.

Both of these steering mechanisms present their own advantages and challenges. The forces involved at supersonic speeds are immense, and the system controlling the rotational speeds would need to be incredibly precise. Additionally, the increased friction from having the wheels rotate perpendicularly could lead to more heat generation.

In conclusion, the concept of spherical wheels for supersonic cars presents an exciting avenue for exploration. While there are significant engineering challenges to overcome, the potential benefits could revolutionize the design of high-speed vehicles. As we continue to push the boundaries of speed, innovative solutions like these will be key to overcoming the challenges we face.

Quantum Interlocked Crystal: A New State of Matter Yielding Quintillions of Qubits


The continually evolving landscape of quantum physics continually stretches our comprehension of matter and its possibilities. Today, we explore a thought-provoking theoretical proposal: a new state of matter, termed a Quantum Interlocked Crystal (QIC). This concept, underpinned by electron beams and quantum entanglement, could potentially provide an astronomical number of qubits, heralding a significant leap forward for quantum computing.

Creating a Quantum Interlocked Crystal:

Imagine a three-dimensional lattice of lithium atoms in the form of a one-millimeter cube. However, this is not a cube of hundreds of atoms per edge but rather millions, with approximately 3.3 million lithium atoms lining each edge. By removing all the electrons from these lithium atoms, we create a lattice of positively charged lithium ions.

Enter the “electron pipes,” essentially carbon nanotubes acting as sources for high energy (1MeV) electron beams. These beams pass through the lattice, temporarily providing the electrons needed for bonding between the atoms. The goal is to create a temporary, shared electronic structure among neighboring atoms, not to assign permanent electrons to individual lithium ions.

Quantum Entanglement and the Interlock:

Quantum physics postulates that the exact location of each electron becomes uncertain due to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. As each lithium atom shares these electrons in a transient state of co-ownership, this uncertainty could induce quantum entanglement among the atoms. Each atom, sharing electrons with its nearest neighbors due to the three electron beams, would potentially become entangled with them.

The potential result is a Quantum Interlocked Crystal, a lattice of atoms entangled in a comprehensive 3-dimensional quantum lock. Given the number of atoms involved, this setup could provide approximately (3.3 million)^3, or about 3.6 x 10^19 qubits— an order of magnitude that vastly outpaces current quantum computing capabilities.

Preservation of Cohesion and Quantum Coherence:

The quantum interlock, acting as a stabilizing mechanism, could help maintain the quantum coherence of the system. By facilitating a broad state of entanglement across the lattice, it may be possible to keep the quantum system stable for an extended period. Whether this coherence could be indefinitely maintained by the interlock is an open question and would likely depend on factors such as the precision of the electron beam control, the quality of the lattice, and the overall system’s isolation from environmental decoherence sources.

Potential Applications and Advancements:

The Quantum Interlocked Crystal could redefine the boundaries of quantum computing, offering a staggering number of qubits and the potential for new quantum computing architectures. Furthermore, this system could underpin a formidable Quantum Artificial Intelligence framework, operating mostly internally due to the computational density, with a relatively small amount of I/O compared to its intelligence. It could even form a hive-like AI mind, with an impressive level of interconnected intelligence packed into a small physical space.

The Quantum Interlocked Crystal represents a fascinating blend of quantum computing and novel materials science. If successful, it could revolutionize quantum computing by providing an exponentially larger number of qubits than currently achievable, thereby enhancing the computational power available for solving complex problems.


While purely theoretical at present, the Quantum Interlocked Crystal paints a captivating picture of a new state of matter enabled by quantum entanglement and electron beams. It signifies a frontier where quantum physics, materials science, and artificial intelligence intersect, raising exciting prospects for the future of quantum computing. As with all such proposals, validation through rigorous scientific experimentation is the next step. Regardless of the outcome, the possibilities proffered by a Quantum Interlocked Crystal make it an enthralling avenue to explore.